WASHINGTON, Dec 9 (Reuters) – The U.S. Senate on Thursday passed and sent to President Joe Biden the first of two bills needed to raise the federal government’s $28.9 trillion debt limit and avert an unprecedented default.
The Senate voted 59-35 for the measure, with 10 Republicans backing the bill.
The Democratic-led House of Representatives approved the legislation on Wednesday night by 222-212, with only one Republican backing it.
Biden is expected to promptly sign the unusual procedural measure that allows a second bill, which would actually increase government borrowing authority, to pass in coming days.
“I’m optimistic that after today’s vote, we will be on a glide path to avoid a catastrophic default,” the chamber’s top Democrat, Majority Leader Chuck Schumer, said in a speech before the vote on a measure he negotiated with Republican counterpart Mitch McConnell to speed passage.
Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen has urged Congress to raise the limit before next Wednesday and Congress now appears to be on track to achieve that.
Republicans have been maneuvering for months to try to force Democrats to raise the debt limit on their own, seeking to link the move to President Joe Biden’s proposed $1.75 trillion “Build Back Better” domestic spending bill.
Democrats note that the legislation is needed to finance substantial debt incurred during Donald Trump’s administration, when Republicans willingly jacked up Washington’s credit card bill by about $7.85 trillion, partly through sweeping tax cuts and spending to fight the COVID-19 pandemic.
Still to come in the prolonged legislative battle is a disclosure of the actual dollar amount for the new cap on Treasury’s borrowing, which is expected to cover Washington’s expenses through the 2022 midterm elections that will determine control of Congress.
Final votes on the second, debt-limit implementing bill are expected in the Senate and House by Tuesday.
‘RIGHT THING TO DO’
Republican Senator Lisa Murkowski, who is up for re-election in Alaska next year, told reporters that she voted earlier with 13 other Republicans to advance the first bill because “it was the right thing to do.”
She added that at a time when Russia is amassing troops on its border with Ukraine, “we don’t need to be sending signals anywhere in the world that we’re not going to back the full faith and credit in the United States.”
The break in the legislative deadlock came just two months after Congress agreed on a short-term lift to the debt ceiling, to avert an unprecedented default by the federal government on its obligations, which would have dire implications for the world economy.
For years, lawmakers have squirmed over raising the statutory limit on the country’s growing debt, fearing voter backlash.
The emergence in 2010 of the conservative, small-government “Tea Party” movement increased the rancor in Congress over such legislation, even as lawmakers voted for tax cuts and spending increases that contribute to the debt.
The Bipartisan Policy Center think thank warned last week that the government could risk default by late this month if Congress does not act.
Democrats noted that they had voted in the past to authorize debt ceiling hikes to cover Republican measures, such as the Trump tax cuts.
(Reporting by Richard Cowan, David Morgan, Susan Cornwell and Moira Warburton; Editing by Scott Malone and Peter Cooney)