Illustration by Carlos Rafael Alvarez Contreras
Texas lawmakers are fuming over vaping. They’re frustrated by teenagers buying e-cigarettes.
They’re furious over the lack of federal oversight on the manufacturing of vaping devices. And they’re ticked off by the explosion of vaping injuries and deaths.
“It’s just out of control,” said Republican Sen. Charles Perry of Lubbock, vice chairman of the committee, according to the Dallas Morning News.
Perry made his comment at a meeting of the Texas Senate Committee on Health and Human Services on Tuesday, Dec. 3.
Perry wasn’t alone in his anger. Committee Chairwoman Sen. Lois Kolkhorst (R-Brenham) vented her rage.
“We don’t know where they’re being mad,” Kolkhorst said. “We don’t know what’s in them, and there is no real requirement [for] labeling.”
The hearing comes amidst an ongoing national health crisis related to the use of e-cigarettes and other nicotine delivery devices.
Vaping health concerns
One of the main health concerns related to e-cigarette use is bronchiolitis obliterans, or popcorn lung as it is known.
Popcorn lung is related to inhaling diacetyl, a buttery-flavored chemical in foods like popcorn, caramel, and dairy products. Inhaling diacetyl results in a scarring of the tiny air sacs in the lungs, which causes thickening and narrowing of the airways.
Popcorn lung leads to coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath.
Over the last 12 months, there have been 2,290 lung injury cases and 47 deaths associated with vaping, according to the CDC.
About 210 of those injuries have occurred in Texas, according to the Department of State Health Services. So far only one person has died in Texas in relation to vaping.
Vaping related illnesses have been especially prevalent in North Texas, where more than 100 lung injuries have been reported.
Dallas County has seen 46 cases of vaping injuries, according to the DSHS. Fourteen of Dallas County’s confirmed vaping injuries have been in children under 18 years old.
The high percentage of vaping related illness and injury in North Texas’ juveniles tracks with what is being seen across the U.S.
A national survey on e-cigarette use by teenagers found that 27.5 percent of high school students and 10.5 percent of middle school students had used e-cigarettes in the past 30 days.
The findings represented a significant increase from 2018 when a similar study found that only 19.5 percent of high school students and 4.5 percent of middle school students had used e-cigarettes in the last month.
Underage vaping is extremely common in Texas. About 19 percent of the state’s high school students regularly use e-cigarettes, according to the anti-tobacco advocacy group Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids.
The high rate of e-cigarette usage among teens is the result of a “patently youth-oriented” advertising campaign, according to a recent paper from a group of Stanford researchers.
Joshua Thigpen of the comptroller’s account maintenance division testified about the day-to-day reality of enforcement.
State-issued permits for tobacco sales have been a key asset for investigating potential underage tobacco sales, Thigpen said. However, the new law has proven inadequate to address underage vaping in Texas.
“Taxpayers who sell e-cigarettes do not have any permitting requirements other than a sales tax permit,” Thigpen said, according to the Austin-American Statesman.
He added that the lack of state permitting requirements means that authorities are “unable to identify retailers who only sell e-cigarette products.”
Committee members offered a litany of suggestions — from a separate permit for e-cigarette and vaping retailers to an outright ban on all vaping devices.
Vape shop owners and consumers spoke out against the proposals. They argued that further regulations could hurt businesses and prevent people from using e-cigarettes to quit smoking.
However, 25 Texas cities have regulated e-cigarette use in some form or another.
Despite the protestations of the vaping industry, the committee is having to weigh concerns about the long term effects of inhaling various chemicals against the needs of small business owners.
While the lasting repercussions of vaping remain unknown, it has been linked to seizures, difficulty breathing, and possible cardiovascular toxicity.
All of vaping’s side effects are particularly dangerous for adolescents, and, with 32.7 percent of Texas’ population under the age of 18, they could prove disastrous for the Lone Star State.